Vatsim VFR Tutorial

Anything to do with flight sim x

Moderator: Admin

Vatsim VFR Tutorial

Postby ManiaSmurf » Mon Nov 16, 2009 11:08 pm

For a VFR flight:
On the Ground:
Getting and reading back a Full VFR clearance:

The first thing you should learn before diving into contacting a controller is how to handle a clearance as you may find some controllers are very quick at handing out clearances.

A typical clearance you will hear a Del controller set for a VFR aircraft is as follows (this is for a flight from London City to London Gatwick):



Where you are cleared out of
Sqwack code always said in phonetic


London City Del: G-QWACK you are cleared out of the class B airspace not above altitude 3500 after takeoff it’s an immediate left turn to 180’ departure frequency on 123.45 QNH 1001.

Routing after takeoff
Altitude Restriction
Ground,Tower or App/Dep frequency Altimeter setting




You: Cleared out of the class Bravo airspace not above altitude 3500 immediate left turn to 180’ departure frequency 123.45 QNH 1001 G-QWACK

London City Del: Negative G-QWACK (they will correct you) You: Read back corrected info
Or
London City Del: G-QWACK Read back correct contact ground on 122.45 for taxi instructions

While at stand (gate):
Check for ATC in the near vicinity and in order of priority:
Contact Del (Delievery) if this is not online
Contact Gnd(Ground) if this is not online
Contact Twr (Tower) if this is not online
Contact App/Dep (Approach/Departure) if this is not online
You are cleared to monitor Unicom on Com frequency 122.800 and check for any departing or incoming traffic on your position and to declare your actions on the ground if there is traffic in your near vicinity.

Radio Check:
If I was to be at London City and Del happened to be online I would contact him and first ask whether he can hear me to do this I would state my call sign (G-QWACK) and radio check:

You: London City Delivery G-QWACK radio check

London City: G-QWACK readability 5-5 (this means he can hear you perfectly)

If no reply there is something wrong!!!

Contact Del (Delievery):

When Contacting Del you must state that you are VFR , your arrival location ICAO code (airport code), your callsign and whether you have read and understood the Atis (Air traffic information system), at the beginning of these atis’s there is usual a phonetic alphabet letter stating which information is currently in use (i.e information alpha is currently in use). So if I was at London city and flying to Gatwick (ICAO= EGKK) I would say to the Del controller:

You: London City delievery G-QWACK with information alpha, requesting departure clearance VFR to EGKK

London City Del: Last aircraft calling state your callsign again You: G-QWACK
Or
London City Del: G-QWACK standby You: Roger
Or
London City Del: (Give clearance information) You: Read back information


Contact Gnd(Ground) or Twr (Tower) or APP/DEP (Approach or departure):

If you have just been asked to contact ground by a Delivery controller skip to the paragraph getting taxi instructions.

If you are contacting ground, tower or App/Dep for clearance you state:

You: London City(ground, tower, approach, departure) G-QWACK requesting taxi to the active VFR as filed.

Now you will receive your taxi instructions, as you should know how to taxi round an airport before approaching Vatsim you should be familiar with the clearance of taxi. Now assuming we have either got our clearance from Del, Gnd, Twr, App or Dep we will all receive the same taxi instructions:

Taxi Routing


London city: G-QWACK taxi via A to hold short B runway 10.


Holding point at Runway you will take of from unless
the runway stated otherwise

You: Taxi via Alpha for holding point Bravo runway 10 G-QWACK.

Now you can taxi to holding point Bravo runway 10.

If tower is online once at the holding point ground will say:

London city Ground: G-QWACK contact tower on 121.500 You: Tower on 121.500 thanks.

Contacting Twr (Tower):

At this stage you should have copied your clearance and been giving taxi instructions and are sitting at the holding point of the runway. If you have got your taxi instructions from ground you will have been told to contact tower and its now you state:

You : London City tower G-QWACK holding Bravo runway 10.

London City tower: Roger
Or
London City tower: G-QWACK after landing/departing aircraft line up and wait/hold runway 10

You: After landing/departing aircraft line up and wait/hold runway 10 (this means drive on and wait on the runway ready for takeoff)

Or
London city tower: G-QWACK line up and wait/hold runway 10

You: Roger line up and wait/hold

Or
London City tower: G-QWACK cleared to take off runway 10

You: Cleared for takeoff runway 10 (you can roll on to the runway and takeoff)

If you have been told to line up and wait you will then get a clearance to take off in the controllers own time. Do not keep contacting him if you have to wait.

Once in the air tower will either tell you that there is no more ATC available and to monitor Unicom on 122.800 of which you say roger Unicom 122.800 good day or they will tell you to contact approach / departure on 124.550 of which you say contact approach / departure 124.550.


Contacting APP/DEP (Approach/ Departure):

If you get your clearance from APP/DEP it will follow the same procedures as all the other controllers, however only on 1 frequency.

If you have used tower to take of you will have been told to contact APP/DEP in this situation once you have tuned the frequency you must say:

You: London City Approach/Departure G-QWACK with you.

London City APP/DEP: Roger G-QWACK (or they will give you routing instructions)

Once you’re leaving their airspace they will say there is no further ATC motor Unicom on 122.800 and you reply, roger Unicom 122.800, if there is a centre controller which is unlikely when flying VFR, you will get to contact them and you reply like usual.



In the air:

In the Air you may get a green bar across the top of your screen saying, contact me on 122.500 etc just tune this frequency and announce you are on it and then you will be told what is happening.

Approach to an airport:

You should be the judge of when you are entering air traffic boundaries and you should contact approach as soon as possible and state your position and altitude:

You: Gatwick Approach G-QWACK 10nm south east of Gatwick at 3500 ft.

Gatwick Approach: Standby G-QWACK
Or
Gatwick Approach: Last Aircraft calling state call sign You: G-QWACK
Or
Gatwick Approach: G-QWACK radar contact (then they may give routing instructions)

At this point you are now under control of the approach controller, he will give you routing instructions and ask you some questions for example:

Gatwick Approach: State your intentions?

You: Requesting Full stop landing on the active

Gatwick Approach: Would you like the visual or ILS approach?

You: ILS approach please

Gatwick Approach: Roger G-QWACK turn left heading 090 expecting vectors ILS runway 27

You: Left heading 090 expect vectors runway 27

At this point you follow the instructions of the Approach controller and you can ask for NAV frequencies etc.

When you are close the controller might say:

Gatwick Approach: G-QWACK report on base leg You: Wilco (you will now say on base leg when you are on base leg)
Or
Gatwick Approach: Report when established on the ILS You: Wilco (you will now say established on
ILS when you are)

If there is now a tower controller online this is where you will be told to contact him:

Gatwick Approach: G-QWACK contact tower 123.55 good day

You: Tower 123.55 bye

If not you will land and taxi under the supervision and guidance of the Approach controller.

Tower upon landing:

If you have contacted tower without talking to approach he will guide you in the last 10nm to the airport so do not contact him until you are close. If you have been handed off from approach to tower you will now be on final and your stay with tower controller will be short depending on whether there is a ground controller online.

Tower controllers will give you clearance to land and all you have to reply is cleared to land. Once upon the ground they will say welcome and will usually tell you to vacate the runway to the left or right and if there is a ground controller on tell you to contact them. You will read all this back like this:

You: Thankyou, Vacate runway to the left and contact ground 121.65 (Go to Ground section below)
Or (if theres no ground online)
You: Thankyou, Vacate runway to the left and request taxi to parking.

With this the tower will give you taxi instructions exactly like you had when you took off however they will be taxi instructions to a gate rather than a holding point. On your way you may be asked to hold at certain points due to departing, arriving or taxiing traffic its very important you read back your taxi instructions so you and the controller know you know where to stop avoiding disastrous collisions!!


Ground controller after landing:

If you have just landed and been handed off to the ground controller you will say:

You: Gatwick Ground G-QWACK with you request taxi to parking

Ground will now give you taxi instructions exactly like you had when you took off however they will be taxi instructions to a gate rather than a holding point. On your way you may be asked to hold at certain points due to departing, arriving or taxiing traffic its very important you read back your taxi instructions so you and the controller know you know where to stop avoiding disastrous collisions!!

You have finished your flight and can now thank the ground controller and log off. Well done!
Image
User avatar
ManiaSmurf
True Smurf
 
Posts: 652
Joined: Thu Dec 04, 2008 5:52 pm
Location: Havant, Hampshire
Has thanked: 30 times
Been thanked: 4 times

Return to FSX

Who is online

Users browsing this forum: No registered users and 2 guests

cron